Which Language Is Richest In Words?

Which language has the most words?

Have you heard language experts say that English has more words than other languages? The claim is made but it’s practically impossible to verify.

Steven Frank, the author of The Pen Commandments claims that English has 500,000 words with German having about 135,000 and French having fewer than 100,000.

But wait…

A blog post for The Economist agrees that English is rich in vocabulary, but comparisons with other languages can’t be made for several reasons.

The simplest problem in comparing the size of different languages is inflection.

Do we count “run”, “runs” and “ran” as three separate words? Another problem is multiple meanings. Do we count “run” the verb and “run” the noun as one word or two? What about “run” as in the long run of a play on Broadway?

According to a recent NPR article, “run” has at least 645 different meanings!

When counting a language’s words do we count compounds? Is “every day” one word or two? Are the names of new chemical compounds words? Answering the question, “What is the richest language?” becomes more and more complicated.

Estoy, Estás, Está—One Word or Three?

Some languages inflect much more than English. The Spanish verb “estar” has dozens of forms—estoy, estás, está, “I am,” “you are,” “he is” and so on.

Does that make Spanish richer in word count?

Some languages inflect much less (Chinese is famously ending-free). So, whether we count inflected forms will have a huge influence on final counts.

Moreover, many languages habitually build long words from short ones.

German is obvious; it is a trifle to coin a new compound word for a new situation. For example, is the German Unabhängigkeitserklärung—declaration of independence—one word?

Given the possibilities for compounds, German would quickly outstrip English, with the constant addition of new legitimate German “words”, which Germans would accept without blinking.

A Sentence that Translates as One Word

The Turkish language is similar in this way.

Turkish not only crams words together but does so in ways that make whole, meaningful sentences.

“Were you one of those people whom we could not make into a Czechoslovak?” translates as one word in Turkish.

You write it without spaces, pronounce it in one breath in speaking, it can’t be interrupted with digressions, and so forth.

How Many Words in the Dictionary?

Glasses looking into an open bookAnother way of measuring the vocabulary in a language and comparing counts is by counting the number of words listed in a standard authoritative dictionary in that language.

From a list on Wikipedia, here’s one such comparison. This is a list of dictionaries considered authoritative or complete by approximate number of total words or headwords, included.

These figures do not include entries with senses for different word classes (such as noun and adjective) and homographs.

Wikipedia says it’s possible to count the number of entries in a dictionary, but it’s not possible to count the number of words in a language.

LanguageWords in the Dictionary

Which language has the most words? Maybe it’s English.

The Oxford Dictionary says it’s quite probable that English has more words than most comparable world languages. The reason is historical.

English was originally a Germanic language, related to Dutch and German. English shares much of its grammar and basic vocabulary with those languages.

After the Norman Conquest in 1066 English was hugely influenced by Norman French, which became the language of the ruling class for a considerable period, and by Latin, which was the language of scholarship and of the Church.

Very large numbers of French and Latin words entered the language. This melding of languages means English has a much larger vocabulary than either the Germanic languages or the members of the Romance language family according to Oxford.

English builds its vocabulary through a willingness to accept foreign words. And because English became an international language, it has absorbed vocabulary from a large number of other sources.

So, which language is richest in words?

Let us ask a different, and we think more important question:

Does it really matter?

Whatever languages you translate or interpret in—Chinese, Japanese, Russian, sign language, or others—you are bound to have a rich body of words to work with.

But if you want to dig deeper into the subject, check out Part 2 on the Arabic language, in which we attempt to answer the question, “How many words in the Arabic language?”

About Interpreters and Translators, Inc.

iTi’s dedicated and experienced team offers a wide range of multilingual solutions for domestic and global corporations in a variety of industries. Do you require translation services to enhance your global marketing and sales initiatives or interpreter services to communicate across languages? We specialize in custom language solutions and work with over 250 languages so regardless of the barrier you face, we will work together in synergy to bridge the gap to ensure success.


Contact Us


This article was originally published March 7, 2018; it has been updated for freshness and readability. 




Oxford Dictionaries




  • Arun April 17, 2020

    I would like to know following:
    How many words are there in Sanskrit and Marathi language.

    • Annie Pagano April 20, 2020

      That’s an interesting question and a tough one to answer as languages are constantly evolving. It would be a great topic to dive deeper in to!

      • ApKum December 1, 2020

        To be honest, Sanskrit is a language which is not evolving anymore I am sure there were languages that went extinct and no one speaks anymore Sanskrit is one of those languages although it is being taught in schools and I don’t think it’s evolving anymore.

      • Adam January 26, 2021

        Arabic has more than a million words making it the richest language

        • Error May 4, 2021

          Yes, he is right.

          • SJW August 7, 2021

            I’m amazed you responded to someone so rude and aggressive.
            Why take abuse from people?

        • Luke March 6, 2022

          Not true. Chinese has not 85000 word but characters. And any combination of more than 1 character can make a new word. Therefore the possibility is infinite.

        • adamm April 25, 2022


        • Abdennaser October 9, 2022

          Arabic language has around 12 millions roots of words. That makes far away from the world languages

      • Aditya September 6, 2022

        Sanskrit has highest numbers of words it has nearly 102.78 billion words which is equals to nearly 10280 crore and sanskrit is mother of 6909 languages then why you are not showing it ? If you don’t want to believe me then you
        can go and search on Google Is sanskrit has highest number of words?

    • Akiffes Grodenham July 29, 2020

      Yes I also want to know

      • January 28, 2021

        What a joke

    • Vineet January 16, 2021

      I don’t know about Marathi but theoretically, Sanskrit has an infinite amount of words. This is because Sanskrit is a fusional language, therefore there can be an infinite amount of words. Until now 105 billion 5 million words are known. The word elephant alone have more than 100 synonyms.

    • Vineet April 21, 2021

      You are right….
      They forgot our languages.

    • Sojwal patil March 28, 2022

      Yeah jai Maharshtra

  • anonymous April 21, 2020


  • Rod April 22, 2020

    Another interesting topic is which language has the longest non compound words? To me it seems like Italian and Spanish have too many long words compared to English.

    • Annie Pagano April 22, 2020

      That would, indeed, be an interesting study!

    • Thomas July 23, 2020

      Finnish and German have words that are some of the longest in existence. Much longer than Spanish and Italian words

      • Pierre December 13, 2020

        Yes but Finnish and German use COMPOUNDED words to make them super long…they specifically said NON-compounded.

      • Steven Hunyadi December 29, 2020

        Interestingly, the Hungarian language was totally left out from the lists.
        I know, Hungarian is a difficult, not Indo- European language. Foreiners from Western countries have a hard time learning it.
        But the language has a humongous vocabulary, about 1 million words, and that’s a very conservative estimate.
        It’s right up there with Korean in the number of words.
        And it’s one of the oldest languages still spoken today, at least in Europe.
        You can search for it on the web.

    • Emilio Rivera August 23, 2022

      That’s because in Spanish or Italian each letter and vowel have a unique sound. The way you see it is the way you pronounce it. I see in English 4 of the vowels have two vowel sounds in Spanish. Those are: A=ei, E=i, I=ai, O=ou, U=iu. If we want to write the same sound of a vowel in a word in English we have to write 2 vowels most of the time in Spanish. Another factor is that we never combine 3 consonants together. Most of the time words are written with the sequence consonant + vowel + consonant + vowel, and can only allow for some words double consonants together followed by a vowel. So you see a lot of vowels that together make long words.

  • Jim April 22, 2020

    Hey why have you not put the Greek language in this article ? Its considered to be one of the richest languages in the world and especially in Europe its in first place … at least you could mention that the English language has around 40.000 Greek words or words with Greek routes … i mean your title is about the language which is the richest in words … Greek should be one of them

    • Annie Pagano April 22, 2020

      This article was written based off of just a couple of research sources. It is by no means all-encompassing and meant to be a discussion piece. What defines “richest” and how exactly do you measure that?

    • Mohammad May 22, 2020

      Classical Arabic is the richest by the number of roots of words and the existing derivations and further possible usage of the same roots to create new words.. but 500 million is an exaggeration.

    • Alex May 23, 2020

      Hi, IT IS NOT TRUE, but the interesting thing about Persian poetry is some words can have several meanings at the same time and the reader must figure out what is the meaning. it is like a puzzle.

    • Human July 8, 2020

      Greek language has 15 million words and 75 million word types

      • Alaa Khalil January 24, 2021

        Dear Friend,
        Where did you get this number?
        Source or statistics?
        I look forward to hearing from you.
        Best regards,
        A. K.

  • Hamza April 22, 2020

    I believe Arabic has the most words in all languages it has over 12 million words, there is no dictionary that includes every word in Arabic, and that shows how many words there are in the Arabic language, Arabic also have its own problem with words, each verb like “كتب” can make multiply other words like “كاتب,مكتوب,يكتب,اكتب,نكتب,كتاب,كتابة,كتًاب ” and way more!

    • Annie Pagano April 22, 2020

      Wow!! Thank you for sharing!

    • Mustafa January 23, 2021

      These people thy don’t know Arab hhh thy are in here discussing orphan languages! So amazing how they r closed minded. Arabic have right more than 12m & more vocabulary, and it’s de richest language on de planet. It’s fact

      • Varoon April 25, 2021

        No it’s not a “fact”. Try translating any work by Jules Verne into Arabic and you’ll see the limitations of Arabic. You may have a lot of words but you don’t have a word for everything.

        • Yousef March 5, 2022

          I believe he said that Arabic has the most word and i don’t see where he said Arabic has a word for everything so you just proved his point, you remind me of my nephew he talks about stuff never happened and makes comments on them lol

        • Luqa June 15, 2022

          Arabic has a lot of words but most of them are not useful.

    • Iliass May 12, 2022

      Yeah exactly bro but these guys like to show that English is the best language in the world xd

  • mo April 29, 2020

    do you Persian language has about 225 milion words ? Persian poetry are like beautiful paintings .

    • Annie Pagano April 29, 2020

      Amazing! Thank you for sharing.

    • Mohamad Nasiri July 9, 2020

      Hi dude, I’m Iranian and know Persian. That’s not true. In Dehkhoda dictionary (The biggest Persian dictionary) there are 343000 words, Plus, Most of them do not have Persian roots or They are no longer used.

      • Orlin Sky August 26, 2020

        In Dehkhuda, all Persian words are not included. There are hundred thousands words which are not even in the dictionary, although they are used widely among Persians (Afghans, Iranians and Tajiks). Some words have roots in Arabic, but again if you look from this side then there are more than thousands Persian words used in Hindi, Urdu and even it shares words with Sanskrit from which lots of them have Persian-Pahlavi origin. Persian is one of the richest languages in the world and this the truth bro. Spanish, Russia, English, French , Chinese …etc are nothing in terms of history and words compared to Persian and Arabic.

        • King of sun September 25, 2020

          I agree with origin sky

        • Pierre December 13, 2020

          Dude, your nationalist rhetoric is bordering on dumb. More words does not mean “rich language” and Persian is very poor in literature after the Middle Ages…that’s just a fact–It doesn’t hold a candle to any language in Asia, none the less the romance languages or even English which is growing exponentialy.. Either way you are major BSing because there are not hundreds of thousand words that are even in common use in ANY language.

  • jeeva May 5, 2020


  • Andrea May 6, 2020

    Thank you.
    I am persuaded by the Oxford Dictionary explanation as over the years I came across lots of synonyms derived from the romance languages which are not part of the day-to-day English language (e.g. threat and menace, the second resembling the Italian translation of both words: ‘minaccia’).
    By the way, the word ‘furlough’ is in the headlines in these days and I could not recall having seen it before, that triggered the thought about the richness of the English language…

    • Annie Pagano May 6, 2020

      It’s so interesting how languages evolve over time. Thank you for your comment and thanks for reading!

    • Jio May 17, 2020

      Yes, the richness of English comes from the fact it’s a Germanic language and that a lot of words have been borrowed from the romance languages specially french.

      Fun fact: In French “threat” is “menace” pronounced differently but written the same.

      • Annie Pagano May 18, 2020

        Very interesting! Thank you for sharing.

    • Leo April 12, 2022

      Uhm, maybe I misunderstand your post. Threat and menace are both commonly used words. They are certainly not archaic.

  • Nour Fadi May 14, 2020

    Just saying there are about 500million arabic words and about 500,000 english words and your saying english is the language with the most words . Please double check .

    • Annie Pagano May 18, 2020

      Hi Nour. This is just an opinion piece that is made to stimulate discussion. “Richest” is a very ambiguous term and we are not saying that English has the most words but more analyzing what exactly the term “rich” can be. It’s very open to interpretation.

      • Nahid Aktar July 22, 2020

        It’s Bengali language

    • Human July 8, 2020

      Arabic language has 12 million odds and Greek language has 15 words* so…

      • Annie Pagano July 8, 2020

        Stay tuned! We are working on a follow up article to discuss further.

      • Annie Pagano July 8, 2020

        We are working on a follow up to discuss this further, stay tuned!

      • Mohamad Nasiri July 9, 2020

        Hi, What are the sources of your statistics? It seems that you are under the influence of nationalism, Arabic is a rich language in terms of the number of words but you’re exaggerating. for example you said that “Arabic does not borrow at all” ! Ferdows (فردوس) in Arabic it’s borrowed from Persian (پردیس), or so many words have been borrowed from Turkic (قزان، سنجق), etc. Vocabulary borrowing is common in all languages.

        • Zaid زيد November 28, 2020

          From turkish or persian?
          Its the other way around.
          Thats from the quraan and is about the highest janna (حنة الفردوس) .
          Its also common knowledge that turkish is a mix of other languages which makes it pretty unlikely that Arabic with its 12 million native words would borrow a word from it.

          • Mohsen May 6, 2021

            Yes, Firdaus (Ferdows) is a borrowed word from Old Persian. It’s also used in Quran.
            Also, Mohammad and his cabal copied most of the Quran from Torat and the Bible.

    • Janet August 25, 2020

      Sorry, I meant “500.000.000” words.

    • GrammarNazi September 29, 2022

      *you are

  • nebraskalass June 2, 2020

    Not to be overly critical but “does it really matter?” is not a good answer to a question, especially for a blog.

    • Bruce August 31, 2020

      It is a great way to end a blog like this. It’s an opinion piece where you can see loads of people claiming that their language is the richest. In the end, what is the relevance? Shall we adopt the richest language or will the world go on as it always is? Does it really matter?

  • Said_Hustlr June 5, 2020

    I think the person who made this article didn’t do a proper research on the subject, I’m a native arabic speaker and I cannot speak for the other languages but I can tell for sure that even though I speak Arabic , I only use (or know) quite 7% or so of its vocabulary. it really is a vague language known also for its poetry which I don’t even comprehend without holding a dictionary along which in turn can’t even hold all of the words (lol). English doesn’t even come close I’m sorry to say that. for example the word LION has approximately 150 or such synonyms.

    Best Regards

  • معاذ June 9, 2020

    All i’m gonna say is ’اللغة العربية’. The infamous Arabic language…..there is no language that even comes close to it, in terms of the richness of its words and its sheer pure structure and its extraordinary grammar rules. I mean pure arabic by the way. The arabic which the Holy Quran was revealed in and which books are written in and the arabic the scholars speak, not rip-offs of the language which have been wringed and where many grammar rules have been dropped and vocabulary has been emitted with new vocabulary squeezed up from foreign languages
    As it said-
    الحياة أحلى مع العربية
    Indeed life is sweeter with arabic.

    • Annie Pagano June 12, 2020

      Thank you for sharing! It seems that it may be time for a second part to this article 🙂

    • Annie Pagano June 12, 2020

      Thank you for your comment! It seems that it may be time for a part 2 to this article written from a new perspective.

    • Annie Pagano June 12, 2020

      Blog posts are meant to explore a subject from a variety of perspectives. It’s supposed to be thought-provoking, not a simple Q&A style page. Appreciate your feedback.

  • Ian Black June 15, 2020

    Ancient Hebrew is the richest language… each letter represents a numeral and a picture too. The potential combination of letters and words therefore creates an innumerable number of meanings and provides a fingerprint of God.

    • Abraham July 2, 2020

      My dear IAN

      The strongest language on earth is Arabic.
      It has 16 thousand roots Unlike all other languages in the whole world. Hebrew is derived from Arabic.it is the oldest language on earth . Since ten thousand years .It is called the mother of all languages. All languages without exception are borrowing Vocabularies from Arabic. Arabic does not borrow at all . It is the strongest language on the face of earth . It has the power and capacity of producing more than 500 million Vocabularies. In the medieval ages it was the language of education and learning in universities and In speech for five centuries . The final testament, the final revelation of Almighty God was sent in Arabic . Two thousand years Arabic is understood but 500 year ago English is difficult to understand . English language has borrowed tens of thousands of vocabularies from many languages . More than 25 thousand words of English language was borrowed from Arabic .Alphabets were invented by Arabs and used by Europeans. The problem of English language that it has 26 alphabets and has 44 sounds . This is its weakness .
      But Arabic has 28 alphabets with 28 sounds .
      It is a long story
      Many Thanks

      • Carl Carchia July 6, 2020

        Thanks for reading and for this perspective, Abraham. You are certainly not alone in this thought process, and Arabic figures to be featured heavily when we publish “Part 2” of this blog.

  • Kyasanku Rashid June 19, 2020

    I’m here to reveal that Arabic is far far away in words, it’s the richest language,
    I mean pure arabic in which the holly qran was revealed

    • Annie Pagano June 19, 2020

      An overwhelming amount of people have commented this so, we are working on a second part to this post to explore further. Thanks!

  • Mehmet June 25, 2020

    Millions of words can be derived by different declensions and conjugations in some languages. So we should only take the stem words into account.

    I’m gonna talk about the Turkish language. In recent studies, more than 130.000 or 150.000 words are estimated in the standardized language. And the number of loaned words is approximately 16.000 or 17.000. We get a percentage like 10% or 15%. It’s much less in comparison with the loaned words in the English language.

    Here is a doctoral thesis in German&Turkish. in 2005. It studies the loaned words in Turkish and German. You can search it.
    “Fremdes wortgut im Türkischen und im Deutschen- Eine kontrastive-lexikographische studie
    Türkçe ve Almanca söz varlığında yabancı kelimeler- Karşılaştırmalı-sözlükbilimsel bir çalışma”

    Let me drop a note: “Çekoslavakyalılaştıramayabileceklerimizdenmişsinizcesine” is an extreme limit.
    We don’t use such long words in daily life. 🙂

    • Annie Pagano June 25, 2020

      Thank you for your thoughtful contribution to this conversation! You make a good point of only taking the stem word into account. There are so many ways to interpret the question and therefore, a multitude of answers and opinions that can come from it!

    • Zaky June 30, 2020

      Arabic too, the words meaning might depend on the context of the sentence.

  • john smith July 2, 2020

    i think English language is the richest one not only because it has more vocabulary words but also the international language

  • Moustafa Ayman July 8, 2020

    Lol Arabic Has 12.3Milion Words!

  • Mohamad Nasiri July 9, 2020

    Hello everyone. I think it’s very difficult to talk about this and it needs a lot of research. Some friends have commented on the issue with ethnic prejudices! that’s not true way.
    Let me share my opinion, I am more familiar with languages of Middle East and Central Asia.
    -Arabic is a rich language in terms of the number of non-loan words. I can say it’s the richest language of Western Asia. Of course, figures like 500 million words are incorrect.
    -Persian is a beautiful classic language but in this case, Almost half of the language’s words are borrowed from Arabic! and so many vocabularies borrowed from Turkic (Doerfer: G. Doerfer, Türkische und mongolische Elemente im Neupersischen. Vols. I-IV. Wiesbaden 1963-1975), French, Russian and English. The number of original Persian words used today is very small.
    -Kurdish is a branch of Persian, but the number of orginal Persian words in it is more! and there are so many Arabic and Turkish words in Kurdish.
    -Tajik (Tajikistan) and Dari (Afghanistan), they are Persian too.
    -Turkish, it is a Turkic language. Origin of the words in Turkish vocabulary, which contains 104,481 words, of which about 86% are Turkish and 14% are of foreign origin! it’s purity is beautiful. (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Replacement_of_loanwords_in_Turkish)
    -Azerbaijani, Turkmen, Uzbek, Uyghur, Kyrgyz, Kazakh, Tatar, Bashkir, Gagauz, Qashqai, … All of these are Turkic! The Turkic languages are a language family of at least 35 documented languages and Some of the differences between them are so small that they cannot be considered a separate language (Turkish=Azerbaijani=Qashqai=Uyghur=Uzbek=…) . Many don’t know this, If we look at this family together, we find that the number of words with Turkic roots is very high.

    • Carl Carchia July 10, 2020

      Hi Mohamad, thanks for the perspective and information. We are in the process of doing some background research and possibly interviewing some experts for Part 2 of this blog, which will be centered around Arabic. Stay tuned.

    • hela December 9, 2020

      i agree as im from Iraq and we speak Arabic

    • Rawand Aziz November 16, 2022

      Kurdish is not a branch of Persian; it is its own language that has its own branches, some of which are Kurmancî, Soranî, Zazakî, Goranî, etc. Kurdish is Indo-Iranian, as are other languages like Pashto and Balochi, but Kurdish is certainly not a branch of Persian.

  • Felix July 15, 2020

    Very interesting and thoughtful article I liked it.

    However. Does it really matter to know the language with the most words?
    Sort of to me. I (33) am living in Japan since one year. As a native Japanese, French, German and English speaker
    I have lived in many countries before, but the sheer endlessness of Japanese words is driving me crazy.
    I didn’t have this impression of “endlessness” in the other languages.

    Japanese, although I speak it since my childhood my mother being Japanese, is pain to learn there is no doubt about it.

    • Carl Carchia July 17, 2020

      Hi Felix, Thanks for reading and providing your perspective. Yes, our research does indicate Japanese is one of the hardest languages to learn. Stay tuned for our blog on Arabic, we think you’ll find some of then nuggets in there very insightful, particularly when it comes to words that have multiple interpretations.

    • dad July 17, 2020

      Arabic ahve actually 12 millions of words without repetition

  • Nishanthan Sathanandasivam July 22, 2020

    I thought only Tamils and other hindi speakers are the only ones who are obsessed with their language, but here i see many arabic speakers are became hardcore fanatics about their language. The fact is this
    Hebrew is the oldest and richest language in the world. Arabic is not oldest but rich language. Tamil and sanskrit both are old languages may be similar to arabic. Stop brainwashed by tamil sanskrit or arabic illusion. I am a Tamil speaker from srilanka but i will never say tamil is oldest language of the world

  • How language and writing define us – Conprendo July 29, 2020

    […] immediate issues such as food, danger and mating. Comparatively, all human languages contain tens of thousands of words built upon several variations of […]

  • Jesús August 10, 2020

    Guys, pls stop fitting on this. It is already said that compound languages are the richest, and so in that category is swedish the winner of this long discussion. https://www.thelocal.se/20120309/39584

  • Word Play: Excursions Into English August 18, 2020

    […] we leave aside archaic words, and depending on which source we believe in regard to numbers, English has approximately 171,000 words available for usage. If we […]

  • Word Play: Excursions Into English – Globalist News | #Globalist August 18, 2020

    […] we leave aside archaic words, and depending on which source we believe in regard to numbers, English has approximately 171,000 words available for usage. If we […]

  • Emre September 3, 2020

    More words doesn’t necessarily mean more richness

  • Ana September 9, 2020

    Yes, it matters. Not everyone has to be a winner. As a translator, I can tell you that English is incredibly rich with words that are similar in meaning but each with their own nuance. A rich vocabulary is important for thinking and creating.

  • Chris September 9, 2020

    Great article! Thank you!

    Too bad the comments went way out of topic comparing sizes like boys in elementary.
    So many things to admire in the idea of language and most people end up counting words..

    Has that follow up article arrived?

    • Carl Carchia September 10, 2020

      Thanks, Chris. It definitely is Pandora’s box (which, btw is an idiom based on Greek mythology). We will be publishing the follow up very shortly. Stay tuned, and thanks for reading!

      • Chris September 10, 2020

        Hehe, I haopen to be greek 😛
        Pandora was the first woman gods created and she opened a pithar (mistranslated as box) containing all the evils and thats how evil.came to the world and made people count words 😛

        • Carl Carchia September 22, 2020

          yes, that is the story, partially. There is nothing about words being counted. Evils come out of the box, but the mistranslation relates to later in the story when blessings came out https://www.britannica.com/topic/Pandora-Greek-mythology … Thanks for your interest. The follow-up will be coming this week!

        • Guest101 April 19, 2021

          Now I’m confused, is it pithar or pithos.

  • Is Arabic The Richest Language In Words? – iTi Translates September 22, 2020

    […] response to our blog “Which language is Richest in Words” was so enthusiastic and polarizing that we decided to write a […]

  • Elizaveta September 25, 2020

    I hear here, Arabic or Hebrew has many words because additional words are composed from roots. What about Occitan, were you can have 40 words describing aspects of one concept, for example a meadow? Or Polish, where you can derive tens of words from one words , seven cases, because of declensions, aspects, etc. Quite complex and poetic language also. And it depends on vocabulary, because some vocabularies are additional to the “main language vocabulary” and are simply of specialized types, and you will not find many of those words included in main language vocabularies.Also this language allows for creating new words in poetic sense, but those are of course not compound words like in German. So, it is difficult to say which language has the most vocabulary, as which criteria we apply? And what makes things a little bit more complicated, some native speakers make claims out of ethnic pride, yet how many linguists really researched this subject in depth? Very often those are claims, that such and such language is the richest, are made by amateur linguists. I don’t think profesionally trained linguists would make such claims easily, as pointing which single one languages is the richest etc. I have my doubts about it.

    • hela December 9, 2020

      my guy this was like made like 10 years ago Arabic was made when prophet Muhammed was alive mate. Also the language is similar to English and it is not at the top

  • DS Aswal September 27, 2020

    Sanskrit is the oldest language and vast literature and scientific grammar

    • Carl Carchia September 28, 2020

      Thanks, DS Aswai! Sanskrit is indeed a very old language, though not the oldest. The consensus is Tamil takes that title. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Tamil-language. Thanks for reading and be sure to check out our follow up to this blog https://blog.ititranslates.com/2020/09/22/is-arabic-the-richest-language-in-words/

      • Guest101 April 19, 2021

        How about Sumerian? The oldest text known to man is the Epic of Gilgamesh after all. And it is originally Sumerian, adapted/completed by the Babylonian writers.

    • Carl Carchia September 28, 2020

      Hi Elizaveta, Thanks for reading. I’m glad you mentioned Arabic and Hebrew (they are in the same language family). You should check out the follow-up to this blog here https://blog.ititranslates.com/2020/09/22/is-arabic-the-richest-language-in-words/. … We agree it’s almost impossible to deem one language the richest, but it’s a fun and informative topic!

    • hela December 9, 2020

      Hebrew is different to Arabic but Hebrew has a similar meaning as it was originated from god but got changed by your people but there is still some of it which is true

  • Hadi Kelany October 13, 2020

    Arabic is the most rich language in the world I have no doubt in that

    • Carl Carchia October 14, 2020

      Thanks for reading Hadi! It’s certainly up there. We will likely be exploring other languages in this fashion so be on the lookout for that!

    • Paul Thomas October 20, 2020

      Dear Hamza,
      Sanskrit is the language with the most words. Not just in the Indo-European language family, but this is attested among all world languages. I understand Arabic has millions of words, but every Arabic language scholar I have asked says that if you were to make a dictionary of all the Arabic words founds in every single text over the last 1600 years, the number would not tally 6 million or more. It is in fact much lower. 10 million or 12 million are theoretical figures, not actual tallies.
      Sanskrit however with all its words tallied (and even excluding nominal compounds) through the historical record has dozens of millions of words. And the grammatical algorithms developed in pre-Classical Sanskrit can help explain this.

      • Liam Davidsson December 28, 2020

        I am curious who are the scholars that you have talked to! just stating that you have spoken to “scholars” does not make your claims any more credible and it only demonstrate your lack of knowledge in the respective language that you are trying to downplay it importance. I am not a native-arabic person but after learning a tiny bit about arabic i now understand why not many people learn this language because it is complicated, it is comprehensive. a word can have at least five meaning provided you add diacritics to it. You need to expand your knowledge of languages rather being stubborn about your own.

        • HELLOOOO January 29, 2021

          If you didn’t know, Sanskrit is the oldest language in the world, and is the predecessor for all languages. If you add the words of all the languages in the world, you would get the number of words in Sanskrit!

          • Guest101 April 19, 2021

            Sanskrit is the oldest language existing, yes but it is not the oldest language to exist
            The oldest known language is Sumerian. Your comment is an exaggeration, not as much as some git I saw saying the Arabic language has 500,000,000 words though.

          • Guest101 April 19, 2021

            Btw it’s Holy Quran

          • Guest101 April 19, 2021

            Said Holy Quran is written in classical or ancient Arabic, which was influenced by Hebrew, and much older-now dead-languages such as Aramaic, Assyrian, and Sumerian

    • Chelsea November 12, 2020

      For me, I like to sort English by the 8 (9) parts of speech. I had a college professor (2008) once tell me that English had approximately 900,000 words (including foreign, scientific, and technology terms). I had a an Austrian man who I met in Spain, while learning Spanish, tell me English was his go-to language when writing because of English’s diverse adjective & adverb selections compared to German. I’ve never studied Asian, Persian, Indian-based, Greek or Latin, although I imagine all have a plethora of words to indulge the mind! The human species offers such rich language options for those who choose to seek it.

      • Carl Carchia November 16, 2020

        Indeed, Chelsea! Thanks for reading! It is a fun exercise to examine each language and learn more about them. We are of the belief you should never stop learning and we will be examining other languages this way as well. You can check out our follow up to this blog here https://blog.ititranslates.com/2020/09/22/is-arabic-the-richest-language-in-words/

      • Shiwank November 24, 2020

        Bhai, Sanskrit is a language with largest no of word’s. Just for denoting elephant there are 32,000 words and there is specific name for denoting each number.

        Lakin Bhai Aap in westerners se Kabhi ye expect nahi kar sakte ki Vo Indian culture ko koi value de, Unho ne hamesha hi India aur Indians ko kam hi samjha h.

        • Varoon April 25, 2021

          What is more important? To have 32000 words for “elephant” or one word for each individual thing and idea?

          I’m currently reading a book called “Les enfants du Capitaine Grant” in French. Here Jules Verne makes accurate descriptions of the flora and fauna he finds in South America, on islands and in Australia. Are there Sanskrit words for all that he describes? According to Google Translate Hindi does not have accurate equivalents.

          It’s not about having multiple words for one thing that matters, it’s about being able to describe the same things in your language without having recourse to foreign words. I’m a person of Indian origin and very well know that Indian languages have more limited vocabulary because we haven’t worked hard enough to create new words during the last two centuries.

          Don’t be jingoistic and keep working

          • The eternal May 11, 2021

            U think indian languages have limited words because u haven’t done good research on Indian languages. Most of world languages are evolved from sanskrit and have u counted how many words sanskrit have. Sanskrit can even define which cant be defined in words directly. For example bramhan. can any other language have this capability. Before reading Western books machine u should start with Indian book including sankrit grammar first then u don’t even need to look any other language. Anything can be expressed in sanskrit. Just about anything because of possibility of infinite words.

          • N May 31, 2021

            Thank you…atleast someone respects Indian languages…there are many words that are taken from sanskrit language but people don’t even know about them

          • N May 31, 2021
          • Cyrus June 3, 2021

            I found similar results.
            It’s also true that Greek is the language that gave most words to most other languages!


          • admin June 3, 2021

            Hi Cyrus, Thanks for reading! Greek is among the contenders for the next blog like this!

          • James Whitmen June 22, 2021

            You’re really not gonna list Arabic? With 12 million words this article is bullshit just like the admin

          • admin June 23, 2021

            Hi James! We understand why you might feel like Arabic deserves a mention. … which is why we gave it an entire blog’s worth. We hope you check it out https://blog.ititranslates.com/2020/09/22/is-arabic-the-richest-language-in-words/

          • Iliass May 12, 2022

            Please check “arabic”. It far surpasses English or any other language

          • Ram January 13, 2022

            If so please tell me how will you say femtosecond and zeptometer and yoctometer without long sentences and just one word?

        • Ram January 13, 2022

          If you know them please state them. Do not blatantly remark false statements without proof.

      • Abdennaser October 9, 2022

        Arabic language has the largest number of vocabularies.of about 12.3 millions of words

    • hela December 9, 2020

      thats what i said but i think they counted the words from the dictionary an i dont think there is an arabic dictionary. if there is i dont they included all the words

  • Cylene Dantas da Gama November 25, 2020

    Uma lingue é tão rica quanto sua cultura. É de se esperar que o Inglês, vicejante nos EUA, RU e outros, tenha que distender para incorporar novos vocábulos, todos os dias. Quando a tecnologia da NASA extrapolou o locus fasciendi, óbvio que seria necessário criar palavras que acomodassem o sentido implícito, tentando explicar o que era o objeto ou fato, aduzindo palavras para a narrativa. Soube que a NASA mantinha uma equipe de linguistas com formação em Grego e Latim para cunharem os vocábulos que se faziam necessários. Trabalhei no MGH em Boston e me surpreendi com a facilidade com que os médicos utilizavam ( oralmente e na escrita de prescrição) vocábulos e abreviações de tais vocábulos em Latim. Eu podia me admirar e maravilhar pq estudei Latim durante 8 anos. Exemplos: quantum satis (qs), ad libem. De certa vez ouvi um profissional se expressar em grego para o colega, usando ” tanatos eolos” para implicar o estado do moribundo, Joseph Campbell tb foi chamado para cunhar vocábulos e caracterização psicológica dos personagens de Star Wars. Nada ao acaso, muito pelo contrário, tudo embasado.

  • hela December 8, 2020

    where is arabic and if you look overall [not the dictionary] arabic has the most words

  • Gurmehar December 9, 2020

    there are 183,175 words in hindi and 600,000 words in sanskrit

  • Shady December 25, 2020

    Christophoros Charalambakis, director of the Historical Dictionary of Modern Greek (dialect dictionary) at the Academy of Athens, 600.000 words.

    You have to step your game up in research

  • Antier December 25, 2020

    In the past, the Guinness Book of Records ranked the Greek language as the richest in the world with 5 million words and 70 million word types! Well, many of these words have been widely borrowed into other languages, including English. Take a look, for example at medical, musical, or historical terms and expressions.

  • Pikajoe January 6, 2021

    I love how native English speakers have been suspiciously silent in championing their own language in the comments – cos obvs none of us speak any other languages so we can’t really have an opinion haha! All power and insight to the great and powerful bilinguals haha

  • Moshe January 9, 2021

    Hi, guys
    I am looking for an Arabic-Hungarian dictionary; does someone know where I can buy such a book?
    A link would be helpful.
    Many thanks,


  • Andres January 10, 2021

    Funny how you leave arabic out with 12.3 million words

    • admin January 12, 2021

      Hi Andres! Thanks for reading. We actually have since posted an entire blog dedicated to Arabic. Check it out and let us know what you think https://blog.ititranslates.com/2020/09/22/is-arabic-the-richest-language-in-words/

    • Brad January 15, 2021

      You might wanna rethink what you just said and read more about new styles of poetry like “شعر سپید” and “شعر نو” and lots of famous poets like Mohammad-Hossein Shahriar, Parvin E’tesami, Hooshang Ebtehaj, Iraj mirza, Nima Yooshij, Mohammad-Taqi Bahar, Aref Qazvini, etc.

  • Leonardo Kvolik January 11, 2021

    Croatian language has 400.000 words that are used now, but if you count the ones that are now used any more/the old ones, you get 2m total words.

  • Dharmalingam Vinasithamby January 18, 2021

    Such an interesting topic going by the range of comments that it has provoked. I want to highlight a point – we should not look at the number of words – we should look at the number of ORIGINAL words. Some languages, like English, use many words borrowed from other languages. Original words show the creativity of a language. The people who spoke that language invented a name for an idea and represented it through a series of sounds to make up a word. That word is part of a larger system that their language has developed. So the language reflects the nature of people who spoke it. In fact, one of the criterion for defining a classical language is that the words it uses were all developed from within the community and not borrowed from other groups.

  • h January 18, 2021

    sorry, how many words does the Turkish language have?

  • Glossology January 29, 2021

    Greek ??? The basis for many hundred of languages ? where is it ??? Greek with all inflections has more than 6.000.000 words!!!!!

  • Guest101 April 19, 2021

    You all are babbling about Arabic having 12.3Million words. Well, The Arabic language has a very similar language called the Hebrew language, so similar that they are called “sister languages” since they both belong in the Semitic languages family. However, seeing as the Hebrew language- ancient Hebrew to be precise-is older than classical Arabic implies that the latter is an evolved form of the Hebrew language. This is backed up by the fact that the Nabataeans (who were Arabs) were nomadic and originally wrote pieces of literature in Aramaic (though they then switched to Arabic). The fact that they were nomads means that they may have been influenced (proof that they were influenced exists in the form of Greek-looking sculptures in their temples when they finally decided to settle down. Proof is also shown in the textiles of the clothing they use as tents when they were still nomads.) or was the source of influence to the civilizations in and around the Middle Eastern lands. Older languages such as the ancient Mesopotamian family of languages: Assyrian, Babylonian, Aramaic and the oldest known language: Sumerian, as is proven by a series of ancient Sumerian texts called the Epic of Gilgamesh being the oldest text known to man. These languages may have had more words than the Arabic have today. Not to mention that most of the Ancient Greek papyrus scrolls that have withered away without being read by archeologists may have contained more words than the modern Greek language has.

    • Guest101 April 19, 2021

      Wait sorry i can’t edit it I meant at the beginning “Some people are babbling about the Arabic not borrowing any words from other languages”…

  • Vineet April 21, 2021

    Why you not written anything about Indian languages …..!!?

  • Vineet April 21, 2021

    Have u listen anything about ‘Mother of all languages’???

  • Varoon April 25, 2021

    It’s not about having the most number of words but having a word for everything. Most of the languages being named here, be it Indian languages, Arabic or Persian haven’t created many new words over the last two centuries. None has even a proper local name for “the internet”.

  • Doug Elerath May 1, 2021

    Incredible arguments! Does it really matter if a language can claim 12 million words if the typical highly educated native speaker might know “only” 30 or 40,000?? And should words in agglutinative languages include all possible agglutinations, some of which become sentences in translation. So, should all possible sentences in non-agglutinative languages be included?? Hmmm.

  • Doug Elerath May 1, 2021

    Added: And although this about richness of a language and not individual speakers, even the best of translators is limited to perhaps fewer than 200,000 distinct individual words, not including various cases, tenses, etc. So, is it total word count that provides richness? Or is it the writer’s ability to draw on the words in a language? Since English is hugely composed of loanwords and has no compunction against borrowing at will, should all languages be included in English? Yes, ridiculous, but it does beg the question of what restricts the richness of any language that will borrow and incorporate as needed or to provide nuance?

  • Luis Ostasuc June 24, 2021

    I think that part of the richness of a language is how many people can actually communicate with it. Part of the reason that english is an international trade language is that you dont actually have to know as much of it to have conversations with native speakers.
    I for one live in a college town with a large number of international students as well as a fair number of immigrants. In nebraska. and for the most part i can strike up a conversation in english with any person i meet and we could probably understand each other, because i can understand their meaning even without proper grammer or verb/noun agreement.
    and two people, neither of whom speak the same language, can use their second language of english to get their meaning across.
    there’s a reason that most chinese speakers live in china, most arabic speakers are muslim, and french, german, dutch, spanish are mostly used either in their own countries or in their former colonies. the languages themselves may have a lot of words but they can’t be shaped so easily by so many people, imo

    • Roro L August 18, 2021

      Luis O, I concur. One thing I would like to know, who counts these millions of words in a particular language? After counting the first one or two million, who certifies that words are not repeated in the next 10 million? By the way, in my humble opinion, the beauty of a language comes from the way the speaker or writer is able to convey, describe or impart information, with the creative use of the senses, passion, emotion, keenness and intensity in such a way as to deeply affect the sensibilities of the reader or listener. I believe this is achievable in any language. It all depends on the one orchestrating the words. Or so I think.

  • fatal August 17, 2021

    This is the right blog for anybody who wishes to find out about this topic.
    You understand so much its almost hard to argue with
    you (not that I actually will need to…HaHa). You certainly
    put a fresh spin on a subject that has been written about for a
    long time. Wonderful stuff, just great!

  • burial August 25, 2021

    Good post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon every day.
    It’s always interesting to read through articles from other authors and use a little something from other web sites.

    • admin August 26, 2021

      Thanks! We are glad you liked it! Here is another to check out https://blog.ititranslates.com/2020/09/22/is-arabic-the-richest-language-in-words/

    • Marios Mourtouvanis September 11, 2021

      Bravo Jim or Demetris if that is really your name. I am reading Filokalia and I am finding words that I did not know they existed or their meaning to say the least. Read it in Greek if you can. I am a native speaker of Greek and I find words that I we do not use in everyday life.

  • Chris Sluis November 1, 2021

    The Dutch language has the largest dictionairy. It took 147 years to compile. 43 very very think volumes. And 400.000 words are explained. Twice the number in the Oxford dictionairy. made in the same style.

  • Rosie December 14, 2021

    Useful post. Thanks for sharing this informative post with us.

  • david from turkey December 16, 2021

    You can see how isis kid arabs are egoist in the comments. how ever their language is not the fact as they wanted to see

  • Les December 30, 2021

    I didn’t read all the comments, so I don’t know if anyone else mentioned my take. For me, what would be most interesting, is not to compare the number of words, but to compare the number of adjectives—if that’s even possible. Adjectives are what give language “color.” More colors evoke more feelings.

  • P.M,uday shankar. February 8, 2022

    laguage is a scientific and intellectual indicator of a ethnic people cu

  • Abdullah February 12, 2022

    The most language in word is Arabic. It has more the 4 Millions words.

  • Aniket March 18, 2022

    I guess…

  • Easton Crosby May 6, 2022

    Awesome! Its genuinely remarkable post, I have got much clear idea regarding from this post

  • Dave Thorne May 27, 2022

    *Googles “which language has the most words?”*

    Answer: Does it really matter?

    Yes, yes it does. That’s exactly why I Googled that phrase! GTFO with this!

  • ლუკა June 11, 2022

    I don’t know how large is georgian language(i think it is one of richest languages),but we have 70 and more word about “rain” and we have most warm and heartfelt words in the world and haven’t analog

  • carterzm June 17, 2022

    I think the author may like to know Google is using this article to misrepresent the data and spread misinformation. When googling “which language has the most words”, it answers “English” before providing any search results and displays the chart in this article, but it cuts out everything above English to misrepresent the information. Very interesting article though, glad I took the time to read it instead of listening to Google.

  • urvi dutta July 20, 2022

    This is very Nice Article and it’s very helping us this post is unique and interesting, thank you for sharing this awesome information

  • B Palmer July 20, 2022

    English, as we know it, was “invented” as the language of deceit! English is the ONLY language where ANY three words can have ‘as many meanings’, as the number of people hearing those words!

    AND THAT’S WHY – you can only “Rhyme” in English (and have meaning between the words – an exception to Blank Verse ). You could even say that English has too many words to be practical, but not in a World of “Dr’s, Lawyers, and Indian Chiefs”, which gives way to the American “RAP” phenomenon, where the Rhyme is King, but ONLY in English, just English!

  • Karla January 7, 2023

    What are you talking about? German actually has more than 5 million words.

  • JeanLuc PickhardTrump March 12, 2023

    Excuse me. This fascinating discussion should have been over a long time ago. Like right after someone mentioned the fact that the Dutch language has the largest dictionary in the world. Just so you know, our dictionaries are huge. I hate to brag here, but we are talking 400.000, 43 inch long, very thick words. And yet we still managed to be creative, and make each and every one of those 400.000 words sound like we are continuously throwing up. Just let that sink in, said another wise man before.

    Also, Dutch is not “just another universal language”. It’s the mother of all of them. Let me give you an example. We don’t need 911, we speak 911. No phone necessary. The only things required are a puppy face and some random sentence using whatever Dutch words we want, knowing that within a minute, someone will come running and ask us: “Are you OK”? Or, “should I get you a glass of water”? Or, “you better run for your life”. Oops, the last one fits in another category. The one where we accidentally slipup and forget we are not Americans while visiting one of our many former colonies.
    But let’s focus on the future, shall we?
    Dutch is literally a universal language. Some people here try to fool you into thinking that Dutch is one of the Germanic languages, but that’s fake news. Famous historians, like captain Jean Luc Picard and Donald Trump, famously said that Dutch is akin to a dialect..a Klingon dialect to be exact. In fact, our ancestors came from…the Netherlands obviously, but make no mistake, we truly ARE Klingons. The really tall and blond kind of Klingons you might have never seen or heard of.
    But you will. We are definitely coming for you. Just so we cram..(cramming is Klingon for teaching, btw. The forceful kind) our 6 billion Dutch Klingon words down your human…brains, kindly sharing with you, the many benefits and wonderful things that come with speaking the intergalactic language of throwing up continuously.
    Wait…you guys are not part of Comic Con or Twitter, are you? Oops!

  • uluslararası evden eve nakliyat March 27, 2023

    Thanks for the beautiful informations.

  • zahoor ahmad March 29, 2023

    Mohammed Aziz owns his bookstore in Rabat’s medina since 1967. He has over 4,000 books some of which he meticulously displays outside everyday.

    He has read every single book, wether they’re in Arabic, French, English or Spanish.

    ‘I’ll be here till everyone can read. I’ve read more than 4,000 books, so I’ve lived more than 4,000 lives. Everyone should have that chance!’

  • Epicthewildcraftlion April 25, 2023

    Thanks this helped a lot

  • Helga May 26, 2023

    It’s a very unfair and inaccurate list. Hungarian has over 800.000 words. 🙂 Just saying. Only because a country is a superpower it doesn’t mean their language is suddenly richer than others.

  • Ahmed ALMAHALLAWI May 30, 2023

    Arabic language has 16,000 word root,
    In the dictionary more than 15 million words ,it’s the biggest and oldest language in the world

  • Sahaj June 1, 2023

    Chinese has a lot of words

  • Sahaj June 1, 2023

    Don’t forget Korean it has around 800k words

  • ilan June 27, 2023

    Your blog is a treasure trove of practical tips and strategies for success.

  • Join thousands of subscribers to the iTi newsletter for latest industry trends and information.

Recent Posts

Vendor Registration

Select your registration

Interpreter Translator